What Types of Coffee Exist?

Types of coffee

What Types of Coffee Exist?

Maybe you were sitting down to your cup of coffee this morning and thought it was time for something new. You’re probably already familiar with cappuccinos and espresso, but there are many other types of coffee you can make or order.

So, fancy something different? Relax, make yourself comfortable (and grab a cup of coffee right away!), and scroll down!

First, let’s cover the basic types. For example, we have:

  • Black coffee: Coffee served straight from the machine after brewing without adding anything to change the taste.
  • Coffee with milk and/or sugar or sweetener: Basically, just black coffee whose flavor is made milder, fuller and/or sweeter with the aforementioned additives.
  • Espresso: A brewing method and coffee that is very finely ground and packaged. A small amount of water is added to this. The amount of water determines – besides the coffee beans you use – the strength and taste of the espresso.

Different methods to prepare your cup of coffee

  • Coldbrew (cold coffee): A method of brewing coffee without using hot water.  Instead, cold water and a longer brewing period are used to make the finished cold coffee drink. It is almost always served with ice cubes (either of water or coffee).
  • Filter Coffee: A method of brewing coffee in which coffee is placed in a paper filter, then hot water is poured on it so it can drip into the coffee pot underneath.
  • Cafetière: Coffee made with a cafetière that uses a plunger to press the coffee to separate the finished beverage from the coffee grounds.
  • Iced coffee: Slightly different from cold brew coffee. This is because iced coffee is prepared using a hot brewing method and then cooled again before serving.
  • Mocha pot: Coffee brewed in a mocha pot, which allows water to flow through the coffee using pressurized steam. Not to be confused with a percolator.
  • Percolator: Similar to the mocha pot method. However, this is a brewing method where hot water is circulated through the coffee grounds using gravity to achieve the desired strength.
  • Vacuum Coffee: A brewing method that uses two chambers where vapor pressure and vacuum produce the final cup of coffee.

With this in mind, we will now really get into the different types of coffee that in turn fall into the above categories! Who knows, there might be something for your next morning coffee, the next time you have visitors or want to treat yourself on a terrace.

#1 Espresso and its variations

  • Ristretto: An espresso made with the same amount of coffee and half the amount of water.
  • Lungo: The opposite of a ristretto. It uses just more water than a normal espresso.
  • Doppio: A double espresso served in a small coffee cup (demitasse).
  • Espresso con panna: Espresso served with a dollop of (fresh) whipped cream.
  • Cortado: An espresso that has been “trimmed” (“Cortado” stands for “short”) with a little warm milk to reduce acidity.
  • Espresso Romano: A shot of espresso served with a slice of lemon beside it.
  • Guillermo: Two shots of hot espresso poured over lime slices, sometimes served with ice cubes.
  • Café con hielo: The iced coffee version of espresso where 50ml of espresso is served with ice cubes.
  • Caffe gommosa: An espresso poured over a single marshmallow.
  • Affegato: A doppio served over a scoop of vanilla ice cream.

#2 Coffees with milk or (more) water

  • Cappuccino: Espresso made with hot milk and steamed milk foam.
  • Latte: Espresso made with steamed milk in a 1:3 to 1:5 ratio with a little foam.
  • Macchiato: An espresso made with a small amount of frothed milk, similar to a cappuccino but just a bit stronger.
  • Flat white: An espresso that resembles a latte with only textured milk.
  • Café au lait: Strong coffee made with heated milk in a 1:1 ratio.
  • Caffe Americano: An espresso where hot water is added to the espresso creating a coffee similar in strength to regular drip coffee, but not in taste.
  • Breve: Espresso served with milk and cream in a 1:1 ratio.
  • Antoccino: A single shot of espresso served with steamed milk in a 1:1 ratio.
  • Café Zorro: A double shot of espresso served with water in a 1:1 ratio.
  • Espressino: A drink made from espresso, steamed milk and cocoa powder.
  • Coffee Vienna: Coffee or espresso made with whipped cream with milk sometimes added.

#3 Unusual coffees

  • Black tie: A double shot of espresso combined with traditional Thai iced coffee and sweetened condensed milk.
  • Bombon cafe: This drink is popular in Spain is an espresso made with sweetened condensed milk.
  • Cafe Cubano: This originally Cuban coffee drink is an espresso to which demerara sugar (a type of caster sugar) is added.
  • Cafe creama: A lungo-style espresso drink, mainly served in Switzerland, Austria and northern Italy starting in the 1980s.
  • Egg coffee: A Vietnamese drink made with egg yolks, sugar, condensed milk and robusta coffee.
  • Cà phê đá: A coffee drink originating in Vietnam that literally means “iced coffee with milk.” It is made by mixing black coffee with sweetened condensed milk in proportions of 1:4 to 1:2. This mixture is then poured over ice.
  • Eiskaffee: A German drink made with iced coffee and vanilla ice cream.
  • Galao: This originally Portuguese drink consists of an espresso mixed with foamed milk and is served in a tall glass.
  • Irish Coffee: Coffee combined with whiskey and cream and sometimes sweetened with sugar or sweetener.
  • Kopi susu: Coffee made with sweetened condensed milk that is then cooled so that the coffee grounds sink to the bottom of the glass.
  • Turkish coffee: A traditional drink served in the Middle East. For this, finely ground coffee is submerged in water to create as much foam as possible (also called Greek coffee).
  • Bulletproof coffee: 1 cup black coffee, 2 tablespoons butter and 1 tablespoon coconut oil blended until creamy.
  • Chai Latte: Espresso mixed with spiced tea and steamed milk.
  • Coffee with Liquor: Coffee brewed and either blended, or drunk separately alongside ± 25ml of liqueur. Sometimes served with cream.
  • Mocha: Sometimes called cafe mocha. This is similar to a latte; only chocolate syrup is added.

Conclusion

And, were you able to get some inspiration from this list? Of course, there are other ways to subdivide different types of coffee and perhaps there are other types of coffee that have eluded us.

Of course, the taste of your coffee does not depend only on the method of preparation. Besides the types of coffee the machine and how you store your coffee beans also matter!

Do you know of any that have not been named here? Please let us know!

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